SUBJ: The covenant made and
provided for in God and our living and vital connection with Him
witnessed in the work described here as essential to salvation in that
man is incapable.
AIM: That we might own the fact of
a divine work in us as having produced that which is required of us and
which failed in the Old Testament.
INTR: Chapters thirty and
thirty-one are connected and contain many messianic prophecies and are a
great comfort to all the Lord’s people as we see them realized in Christ
1. The term “New Covenant” is used here with a specific aim
to contrast with the old one and the failures of he people under it.
2. The problems began with Mount Sinai and continued through the long
history of the house of Israel. So, much is there that Paul calls them
examples of what not to do.
3. A similar problem exists even today in
that many persist in the belief that an acceptable standard of
righteousness can be met through fleshly ability.
THESIS: All that has been required for
salvation since the fall has been provided by the Lord and only that
which He provides is acceptable.
I. Why a New Covenant? (vv.
1. First, we would note what the old one was and why it failed
– the Israelites degenerated through a series of fleshy attempts to
please God when the call was always to trusting and obeying Him – the
Law was weak through the flesh!
2. A word of explanation is in order
in that it is the house of Israel that is addressed here and not we
Gentiles. The answer is found in Hebrews 8 and 10.
1) Hebrews 8
contrast the old priesthood with that of Christ – Israel failed morally
2) A new arrangement was needed and given: 10 For
this is the covenant that I will make with the house of Israel after
those days, saith the Lord; I will put my laws into their mind, and
write them in their hearts: and I will be to them a God, and they shall
be to me a people: 11 And they shall not teach every man his neighbour,
and every man his brother, saying, Know the Lord: for all shall know me,
from the least to the greatest. 12 For I will be merciful to their
unrighteousness, and their sins and their iniquities will I remember no
more. Hebrews 8:10-12.
3) See also 16 This is the covenant that I
will make with them after those days, saith the Lord, I will put my laws
into their hearts, and in their minds will I write them; 17 And their
sins and iniquities will I remember no more. Hebrews 10:16-17.
display of attention to Israel was so that the Lord could not be
faulted; it was complete and thus, so was their failure.
4. We may
make application today and clearly see that :”ye must be born again.”
II. Terms of the New Covenant (33)
1. There is no dismissal of
moral obligation and the necessity of a holy life in the New Covenant.
This condition is met by a miraculous work of grace. It is referenced
twice in Hebrews.
2. The essential to compliance with the demands of
fellowship with God: A new heart also will I give you, and a new spirit
will I put within you: and I will take away the stony heart out of your
flesh, and I will give you an heart of flesh. Ezekiel 36:26.
writing of God requires a clean place to do so and in regeneration He
provides it and in conversion He continues to write it.
4. There is
likewise a new nature underlying it all wherein we are brought into full
agreement with Him: Whereby are given unto us exceeding great and
precious promises: that by these ye might be partakers of the divine
nature, having escaped the corruption that is in the world through lust.
2 Peter 1:4.
5. The effect is new life which could never be
accomplished in the fleshly manner of human religion or any other
proposition. – Gods makes the deal and then answers for both sides of
6. That new and essential nature is made receptive to
the writing of the Lord and it remains there as the Spirit of God makes
a permanent etching.
III. The conditions met in the New Covenant
1. A strange way of addressing the issue yet quite effective
in that it describes the fellowship of the saints and the character of
the regenerate in the Kingdom.
2. Consider, And this is life eternal,
that they might know thee the only true God, and Jesus Christ, whom thou
hast sent. John 17:3.
3. Knowing the Lord is the order of the day and
all true believers know Him.
1) We are taught things “pertaining to
life and godliness but
2) We need not be taught who He is!
forgetfulness of God is a deep blessing – He knows all and yet forgets
our sin as a matter of any intent to punish in that all has been
accomplished in Christ – He is the mediator of the New Covenant.
Thus a life of peace with God and the sense of full forgiveness. “Be
sure your sin will find you out is contrasted with sin not remembered as
the terms of the New Covenant are fully met in Christ our Lord.