SUBJ: The fact that Israel had not
been finally cast away but rather that some were saved, were being saved
and would be saved in the future and that all according to election
rather than mere national identity.
AIM: That we might realize that we
have the same need and are the objects of grace and have no reason to
exalt ourselves over the Israelites.
INTR: As has been previously noted,
chapters 9-11 have much to say about Israel which is an interesting fact
since the letter is written to a Gentile church. There were Jews at
1. Paul’s concern for his brethren did not attempt to excuse
their hardness and rebellion in the rejection of Christ as their
2. It is to be remembered that all the Apostles were
Israelites and responsive to Christ and the Gospel showing that
salvation is individual rather than national.
3. Neither does he
deviate from the Gospel in any of this showing that salvation is in
Christ alone who is the promise to Israel and all who believe.
THESIS: While Paul is manifesting his
love for his people, he, at the same time, is declaring to the Romans
and all others that the determining factor is the election of grace as
it always has been and is the same to all.
I. Paul is living
proof that Israel is not cast off (v. 1)
1. His pedigree is a matter
of record and he does not hesitate to declare it as having descended
from the Fathers to whom the promises were made.
2. While the
prophets both warned of the consequence of rebellion and declared it all
finished as a nation, Jesus came unto His own and was rejected as the
final testimony that they were done in the sense of a nation.
There was abundant reason as to why they should be cut off as we note
the general history and their tendency toward idolatry.
1) We note
the institution of idolatry in the place of Temple worship under
Jeroboam (even though he was confronted with the need to serve the Lord)
2) There continued a long line of idolatrous kings in the north until
the Assyrian captivity.
II. Paul presents a most extreme proof of
election (vv. 2-5)
1. The reference is made to Elijah and his flight
from Jezebel in 1 Kings 19:9-18
1) Things were perhaps at the worst
ever under the reign of Ahab and Jezebel
2) Elijah had known a great
victory on Mount Carmel but cowers at the threats of Jezebel
may seem shameful, but all will react that way in the absence of power
from the Lord.
ii. It was needed for Elijah to be brought down as was
Paul after his vision.
3) The flight took Elijah far out of reach of
Jezebel to be challenged by the Lord
4) There came the wind, the
earthquake and the fire and the Lord was in none but rather was in the
still small voice.
5) Twice Elijah was asked “What doest thou here
Elijah? And the answer was he same: See vv. 1 Kings 19:10, 14.
Lord’s answer to him is most instructive “I have left me 7000 (Paul uses
the term reserved) who have not bowed to Baal.
3. Paul makes the
application to his time and we might do the same and recognize that it
is all according the election of grace.
III. Grace without
exception (vv. 6-10)
1. It is here that some stumble in that their
concept of grace falls far short of what the scriptures declare it to
2. Some would make it to be no more than kindly intent by the
Lord and some assistance along the way which in effect excludes grace in
salvation leaving only good works.
3. Some would mingle grace an
works producing a curious admixture where it becomes arbitrary and
results in such things as God merely providing opportunity – Israel
proved the fallacy of such thoughts as that.
4. Grace will accept no
1) No ifs as to make the determinate counsel of God
dependent on human action
2) No ands as if to add to it something
that would make the final push or at least assist.
3) No buts as if
to counter the plain statements of the Word of God with an alternative
of some kind.
5. The plain truth is that Israel had failed for
hundreds of years and were in a state of utter failure even then as are
all men and all systems outside of Christ our Lord.
1) It was the
election that obtained it
2) And the rest were left to their choice.
6. In verses 8-10, two Old Testament passages are quoted wherein it was
prophesied they would be allowed to slumber and where their own
prosperity would be a snare to them.
7. So would be the state of all
Israel and all men if it were not for the intervention of grace
producing in them the ability to see their sin, to see the sacrifice of
Christ and to realize that there is hope in no other.