SUBJ: The universal application of
the Gospel and the way it is both delivered and received by all who come
unto God through Christ Jesus our Lord.
AIM: That we might be first
attentive to the terms of the Gospel and then to see the importance of
preaching it and to do so as they who are bearing precious seed and to
do as we may to support the proclamation of it in the world.
INTR: This passage is most precious
to all who truly call upon the name of the Lord although many abuse and
shortcut what is actually said here.
1. This contains some of the
material for the high-pressure evangelistic tactics of those who would
appeal to human endeavor in the place of the true Gospel – The Romans
2. The real intent of the Apostle here is to make the fact of
individuals calling upon the Lord to be the singular distinction and
this is especially applied to the jealousy of the Jews.
3. So, the
thought of “no difference” is again raised in that it is the grace of
God through faith that makes the distinction and not men themselves.
THESIS: Whosoever is not a term of
universal invitation. It is rather a term of universal identity of those
who have truly embraced the Lord and all that is promised in Him. It is
to be recognized that since God has ordained their salvation, He has
also appointed the way in a meaningful manner to all and so we preach
the Gospel to all.
I. No difference and whosoever (vv. 12-13)
1. This is, of course, a response to the statement quoted in verse 11
and has the specific intent of answering to the many Old Testament
prophecies declaring that the Gentiles would be included.
2) The fact is that the same need is present in all and
the Lord is rich unto all that call on Him in the same way
was a provocation to the Jews.
2. Thus, whosoever, whether Jew or
Gentile, that calls upon the name of the Lord…
1) As has been
previously noted, this is not an invitation per se, although the
prospect of salvation is always inviting.
2) The context puts this as
Jew and Gentile alike.
3. It is here that the application often
breaks down in that men tend to minimize what it is to call on the Lord.
1) It is to call out for aid in recognition that their estate is
hopeless, and we must point to the fact that apart from the grace of God
this may not be known.
2) It is to come to the place of worship and
confession that there is salvation in no other.
3) Men call on the
name of the Lord in desperation, full submission, and devotion (And it
shall come to pass, that whosoever shall call on the name of the Lord
shall be saved. Acts 2:21).
4) We note the reaction to Peter’s
message in those whose heart was pricked and repented!
4. The Lord is
faithful to His Word and so we direct men to Him.
reasonable question answered (vv. 14-17)
1. Surprisingly, there are
many who believe that one may come to salvation with no knowledge or
experience of a work of grace in this life.
1) One extreme is that of
some primitives who hold that election is salvation and one may wake up
in heaven without having experienced salvation in this life.
another is those who examine very superficial professions and pronounce
them saved in the absence of experience.
2. The methods of the Lord
speak both to His sovereignty and essential responsiveness in men. We
note a reverse progression here:
1) They call upon the Lord as we
have already noted because
2) They believe the Gospel and are
convinced in mind and heart that they are sinners without hope apart
from the blood of Christ our Lord which does not merely appear in their
minds – it is that
3) They hear the Word of Truth as it is in Christ
Jesus our Lord
i. First with their natural faculties – one speaks and
is heard with the natural ear
ii. But, then they hear as that hidden
man of the heart (he that hath and ear let him hear) and to him the
4) From those whom the Lord has sent and so the Lord
has given Apostles, prophets, evangelists, Pastors and teachers along
with all who discover that the word is nigh, even in their mouth.
The reaction of those receiving the Word of Truth – How beautiful the
feet… from How beautiful upon the mountains are the feet of him that
bringeth good tidings, that publisheth peace; that bringeth good tidings
of good, that publisheth salvation; that saith unto Zion, Thy God
reigneth! Isaiah 52:7. (He that goeth forth and weepeth, bearing
precious seed, shall doubtless come again with rejoicing, bringing his
sheaves with him. Psalms 126:6)
4. It is here then that Paul cites
the history of the Jews who had heard these things and proceeded in both
disobedience and self-righteousness. (v. 16) and cites Isaiah 53.
The summary thought here is that faith presupposes hearing and what is
heard is the word of God and so we reject the opinions of men and the
devices of the interlopers and appeal to the pure word alone.
III. A passing thought regarding the Jews (vv. 18-21)
lamentation over the Jews continues in recalling the witness given them
of both their own refusal of the way of faith and that the Gentiles
would be included and he quotes Moses in v. 19 and Isaiah in v. 20.
2. And so, the conclusion still applies: I have spread out my hands all
the day unto a rebellious people, which walketh in a way that was not
good, after their own thoughts; Isaiah 65:2
3. Thus, in the same way
that there is no distinction between Jews and Gentiles regarding the
Gospel, there is not difference in those who continue in rebellion to
God and His Christ.