SUBJ: Concluding realizations of
the work of the Spirit in revealing His personal activity and thus the
connection to the divine purpose and the fact that such is all in the
eternal purpose of God.
AIM: That we might draw fully upon
what the Spirit provides and be assured by the declaration of the divine
INTR: In v. 25 we were reminded
that the things hoped for remain unseen, but we are encouraged to
patiently wait in view of all the assurances given us in this chapter
1. We have been assured of “no condemnation” and
declared to be free from the law of sin and death.
2. We have the
further witness of the indwelling Spirit who bears witness with our
spirit that we are the children of God and assures us by that of the
resurrection of our bodies.
3. We are made to be assured by our
inward groanings along with the groanings of creation as we await the
fulness of adoption and the “glorious liberty of the children of God.”
THESIS: As if all that has gone
before was not enough, we are now made aware of the personal groanings
of the Holy Spirit with the aim of bringing us into the fulness of hope
in understanding the connection to the divine purpose in it all.
I. The Spirit and our infirmities (vv. 26-27)
1. The mention here of
infirmities does not see us in the same way as those not born again in
that there are abilities given us through God-given faith and leadership
of the Spirit of God.
2. It is rather those things wherein we, being
still burdened by the old nature, struggle against sin, temptations, and
all hindrances to our faith.
3. This is above that already mentioned
of the Spirit’s work in us and addresses the higher things of God in
that He as God knows full well.
1) This does not negate the necessity
of fervent prayer in us – we are directed to pray
2) Neither does it
mean that He, the Holy Spirit, is making us pray apart from a sense of
3) It is rather He personally and having an interest in that
moves Him to intercede
4) Christ intercedes for us in Heaven and the
Holy Spirit intercedes for us on earth.
4. He that searches the
hearts – 1 O LORD, thou hast searched me, and known me. 2 Thou knowest
my downsitting and mine uprising, thou understandest my thought afar
off. Psalms 139:1-2:
1) Certainly, could be understood of all the
2) But, here the Spirit is characterized as having both the
mind of God and perfect knowledge of our hearts.
II. The promise
to those who love God (v. 28)
1. The original has the order reversed
to identify those loving God and being called first.
2. This is a
particular application to the saints having been so identified
throughout this section.
1) It is to them exclusively that this
statement is made in that reciprocal identity is here stated.
must be understood in the context of the Spirit’s work and it points to
the verse following that declare the sovereign purpose of God.
identifying factors are:
1) They love God – We love him, because he
first loved us. 1 John 4:19
2) They are those called of God – having
experience that divine operation wherein we are made to now His voice
and follow Him. See: For it is God which worketh in you both to will and
to do of his good pleasure. Philippians 2:13 AND But we are bound to
give thanks alway to God for you, brethren beloved of the Lord, because
God hath from the beginning chosen you to salvation through
sanctification of the Spirit and belief of the truth: 2 Thessalonians
4. The work is that all things are made to work for the good of
those so identified:
1) God is not the author of sin and yet He is
able to make it turn to accomplish His purpose
2) All those things
which cause us to groan now look to an eternal purpose and good.
III. The Golden Chain of Salvation (vv. 29-30)
1. Having seen what
the operations of the Spirit are within us, we are now brought to the
reason of it all in the light of God’s purpose in Grace. The word “for”
are “because” ties this to things preceding.
2. This is called a
chain because the thing pointed to in each statement becomes the subject
of the next statement. It is to be noted that all these are God’s doing
and all are spoken of as already accomplished!
1) Foreknowledge – is
not God being able to see what a person will do and then act according
as has been the idea of many – it is the declaration of His eternal love
for a people and we are reminded of According as he hath chosen us in
him before the foundation of the world, that we should be holy and
without blame before him in love: Ephesians 1:4.
2) Predestination –
“That effective exercise of God’s will whereby things before determined
by Him are brought to pass.” C. I. Scofield. It is important that the
aim is conformation to the image of Christ and that both as a present
work and the final result.
3) Called – with which we move into the
realm of time in which the call of God is experienced as the work of
regeneration enabling a response to the call to be saints.
Justified – Accomplished by Christ on the Cross and claimed by the faith
of God’s elect and thus declares them innocent and enables a life
confirming that they are His.
5) Glorified – See v. 17 along with:
Beloved, now are we the sons of God, and it doth not yet appear what we
shall be: but we know that, when he shall appear, we shall be like him;
for we shall see him as he is. 1 John 3:2. See further If ye then be
risen with Christ, seek those things which are above, where Christ
sitteth on the right hand of God. Colossians 3:1 (a present reality) and
But we all, with open face beholding as in a glass the glory of the
Lord, are changed into the same image from glory to glory, even as by
the Spirit of the Lord. 2 Corinthians 3:18 (A work in progress wherein
we have foretastes of glory).