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Pastor Brant Seacrist

February 11, 2018


TEXT: Romans 5: 12 - 21
READING:  1 Corinthians 15: 45 - 58

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SUBJ: Death in Adam and life in Christ Jesus our Lord compared and contrasted in that the actions of each had a profound effect on all that proceed from them.

AIM: That we might realize and meditate on the grace of God and the fact that by it righteousness reigns in us through Christ our Lord.

INTR: Having established the fact that we have reconciliation with God and so much more, Paul would retrace the steps that brought us to the present state of our relationship with Christ and particularly to note the active role of grace in our lives as a result.
1. The events that led brought about the fall of man are well known. Not so well known are the far-reaching effects of that fall.
2. It has been the tendency of men to excuse sin and try to distance themselves from Adam and his disobedience. The fact of their personal continuance in sin betrays those efforts and leaves them still condemned.
3. Often the conditions of an undesired consequence lend themselves to demonstrating the very opposite – compare and contrast. Such is the manner of Paul here in considering Adam and Christ.

THESIS: It is not only that God reigns supreme in all the universe generally, but that He reigns with vested interest in the hearts of His people. Furthermore, He does so in the manner He has chosen; it is the way that we are most satisfied, and He is most glorified.

I. The universal fall of man (v. 12)
1. The fact that sin entered the world by way of Adam is conceded by all and most admit to sensing the effects.
1) Regardless it is a matter of fact,
2) And the consequence is death.
2. In some they simply refuse to take it that they are feeling the effects of Adam’s sin and yet their distancing of themselves from God is incontrovertible among the unregenerate.
3. In fact, all have sinned. That is, they have, because of having Adam’s fallen nature, actively and consciously sinned and continue to do so – all that they do is corrupted by their fallen nature.

II. An explanatory parenthesis (vv. 13-17)
1. This is obviously added to give further explanation to the conclusion that Paul draws concerning how God has dealt with the sins of His people.
1) First regarding the Law and
2) Then regarding sources of both sin and righteousness
2. The declaration that until the law sin was in the world was made in order to show that sin has been identified in reference to the holiness of God and that it may be known that sin is sin even when it is not called out as such.
3. The fact that death reigned shows the opposite of sin that is not imputed because of the absence of a stated law: even though their sin was not like Adam’s.
4. Adam, will be a figure of Christ is declaring the imputation of righteousness.
5. In verses 15-17 the comparisons are made:
1) V. 15. Through the offence of Adam many died; by the grace of God by Jesus Christ has abounded to many.
2) V. 16. Judgment and condemnation came by Adam; through Christ, many offences were removed leaving the offenders justified.
3) V. 17. By one man’s offence, death reigned by one; the contrast is that they which receive the abundance of grace and the gift of righteousness shall reign in life by one, Jesus Christ.

III. The declaration resumes (vv. 18-21)
1. A summary thought is given in v. 18 – By the offence of one came judgment upon all to condemnation; by the righteousness of One came the free gift unto justification of life!
2. As to sin not imputed: by one man’s disobedience (we note the active component and the fact that sin is against God, many were made sinners. It is by the obedience of One that many are made righteous.
3. The function of the Law – it entered that sin might abound
1) It did not add anything either to the promise or to the righteousness of God that was already an issue with men (remember Abraham).
2) It did codify those precepts and issues so that men were without recourse and so were discovered by it to be guilty – not made guilty since they already were.
4. It magnified the grace of God in that sin made to appear what it is discovered, as well, the greatness of grace. GRACE ABOUNDING
5. And so, sin is deposed and grace reigns in the lives of the Lord’s people “unto eternal life by Jesus Christ our Lord.”