SUBJ: That fact
that justification is by faith apart from the works of the Law, but
also, that faith establishes the Law in that it is embraced as the
expression of God.
AIM: That we
might rejoice the more that true righteousness is not by law-works and
that we should thus be encouraged in the exercise of true faith which
approaches God through Christ.
question with which we begin this text is both a summary thought and a
conclusion to what has preceded. It does add depth to what Paul would
have us to see.
1. While acknowledging the advantage of the Jews in
that they had a longstanding heads-up, there is no difference regarding
the matter of justification – there is only one way is occurs.
would be reminded that justification comes freely (without a cause in
3. In declaring the imputation of the righteousness of Christ to
us and that propitiation occurs through the cross of Christ Jesus our
Lord and that He is both just and the justifier of those who believe in
Jesus, the reason of the question is clearly in view.
THESIS: Contrary to the idea that
justification by faith does away with the Law in every respect, it is
important that we see and embrace true faith wherein the Law (that is
the aim of the Law is clearly confirmed in the hearts of those who come
unto God by Him.
I. Boasting Excluded (v. 27)
1. The Jews
could no longer boast of their heritage and the Gentiles could not boast
of their intelligence and worldly wisdom.
1) Literally it is that
there is not room for it – where would it be fitted in in that God has
chosen, atoned, quickened and granted that which is needed to apprehend
and comprehend all that has occurred.
2) It has been well said no one
is an Arminian on their knees.
2. The word for “excluded” used here
is quite strong
1) In consideration of the grace employed in all
things it is locked out: I am the LORD: that is my name: and my glory
will I not give to another, neither my praise to graven images. Isaiah
2) It is more than that there is no room – God will not allow
is and has turned the key in the lock of exclusion.
3. A second
question further expands the thought (By what law?)
1) The thought
here is by what system or arrangement or administration does this
2) The answer is that a system of law works will engender
boasting while faith knows only of the work of Christ and that we are
directed unto the worship of God through Him.
3) We must be careful
here not to understand a new law of some kind – is rather the life of
faith that is in view.
II. The only conclusion (vv. 28-30)
Being that a man is justified by faith – wherein we would be reminded
again that faith is not the effective cause of justification and
therefore salvation – it is the provision of God whereby these things
are made real and effective to us and in us.
1) We would here be
reminded of James’ association of faith and works and note that he
clearly saw works as the product of faith and not works as a cause of
2) The thought is strengthened with the declaration that
justification is without the works of the Law – the obvious reference
being to those look to obedience to the Law as meriting salvation.
It does not exclude the idea of contempt being shown either to the Law
or to the idea that good works are the product of a work of grace. 9 Not
of works, lest any man should boast. 10 For we are his workmanship,
created in Christ Jesus unto good works, which God hath before ordained
that we should walk in them. Ephesians 2:9-10.
2. It is to be
observed carefully that He is God of both Jews and Gentiles (v. 29).
1) Certainly, we consider this in that He is the creator of all and has
preserved all for His purpose and so reigns over them all.
Likewise, we would consider this not as matter of a covenant either of
circumcision or law; rather is all of Grace and all are found guilty
that mercy may be had on all.
3) It is rather that there is but one
way that God deals with any and all of them – By grace are you saved and
so all must be
i. Loved and regenerated
ii. Pardoned, sanctified,
and adopted and
iii. Of course, justified
3. In that He is one
God, Father, Son, and Holy Spirit, both Jews and Gentiles are justified
in the same way:
1) The Jews by faith (In that the seeds of it were
known to many of them)
2) The Gentiles through faith – being directly
brought to Christ (John Gill says they are equivalent statements).
III. The Law validated (v. 31)
1. The Law reminds us of the mind
and will of God and never so may not be diminished in that regard.
But, more importantly are we to understand that Christ is the “end of
the Law for righteousness.”
3. Thus, the Law is not invalidated by
faith since Christ embodies the Law – Think not that I am come to
destroy the law, or the prophets: I am not come to destroy, but to
fulfil. Matthew 5:17.
1) This He did as a man and as God manifest in
2) This He does in writing His Law in hearts and minds –
the fruit of the Spirit in us.
4. The fact is that faith so lays hold
on Christ that such obedience as follows honors both Christ and the His
Law and so by Grace all are satisfied.
1) God is pleased by such
faith as believes the Gospel and comes to Him and
2) Those who come
find great delight and worship is fully empowered.