repentance, its necessity and its function in both the conversion and
life of the born again children of the God especially noting that it is
both the gift and commandment of God.
AIM: To renew
in us a call to repentance as well as embracing the need that our faith
might be faith indeed.
INTR: The edge
of necessity has been taken off many biblical concepts in that men have
discovered a real difficulty in meeting the biblical standard which, of
course, requires a work of grace.
1. So it is that many have softened
the idea of repentance by retreating to a mere definition of the Greek
word while ignoring the effects of it as recorded in the Bible.
is true that the word is used in reference to the operations of God in
the manner of His revelations to men and that especially with regard to
their sinfulness and disobedience.
3. The idea that a mere change of
mind or opinion commands such attention both in Heaven and on earth
before God requires a minimization of the command of God as well of the
degree of the divine hatred of sin!!
THESIS: Repentance is indeed the command of God issued to all and
at the same time is a necessity provided by the grace of God in
I. What it is not
1. The basic definition of the
word translated repentance does indeed mean a reversal as to direction
and thought but in particular with reference to guilt before the
holiness of God!
2. It is not the sorrow of this world: For godly
sorrow worketh repentance to salvation not to be repented of: but the
sorrow of the world worketh death. 2 Corinthians 7:10
examples are Cain, Ahithophel, Judas and Esau all who lamented misdeeds
2) But even the rich man in hell erred: And he said, Nay,
father Abraham: but if one went unto them from the dead, they will
repent. Luke 16:30.
3. It is not something that can be produced apart
from spiritual life.
4. It is not a one-time action never to be
engaged again – as long as we have sin there will be repentance.
II. What it is based on scripture
1. It was the initial message of
our Lord: And saying, The time is fulfilled, and the kingdom of God is
at hand: repent ye, and believe the gospel. Mark 1:15
is a foundational element: Therefore leaving the principles of the
doctrine of Christ, let us go on unto perfection; not laying again the
foundation of repentance from dead works, and of faith toward God,
3. It is something that pertains to life and godliness
and in particular something that bears evidence of its existence: Bring
forth therefore fruits meet for repentance: Matthew 3:8.
4. It is a
matter of heavenly sanction: I say unto you, that likewise joy shall be
in heaven over one sinner that repenteth, more than over ninety and nine
just persons, which need no repentance. Luke 15:7.
5. It precedes
conversion: Repent ye therefore, and be converted, that your sins may be
blotted out, when the times of refreshing shall come from the presence
of the Lord; Acts 3:19.
6. The preaching of repentance is integral to
the message we are commanded to preach: And that repentance and
remission of sins should be preached in his name among all nations,
beginning at Jerusalem. Luke 24:47.
1) We note that here as in our
text that repentance is followed by remission of sins (which is faith
toward our Lord Jesus Christ).
2) That it is a universal command and
it is gospel indeed!
7. And so would Paul preach it without
equivocation: And the times of this ignorance God winked at; but now
commandeth all men every where to repent: Acts 17:30.
Whom it is directed
1. It is toward God and it must be that any form
of sorrow is disqualified if it is not so directed!
again: For godly sorrow worketh repentance to salvation not to be
repented of: but the sorrow of the world worketh death. 2 Corinthians
1) Pink aptly observed that a Godly nature us required to
experience Godly sorrow! “Ye must be born again!”
2) The implication
in every place that in repentance one is acutely aware of the awful
offense of His sin toward a Holy and loving God and leaves one suitably
affected and seeking unto mercy and forgiveness.
3) It is God’s gift
to us that we might be constantly reminded of an ongoing need to fully
trust Him and, of course, we here see the connection of faith toward our
3. It is a precious gift of the Spirit and to be esteemed
as such and exercised: Him hath God exalted with his right hand to be a
Prince and a Saviour, for to give repentance to Israel, and forgiveness
of sins. Acts 5:31 AND When they heard these things, they held their
peace, and glorified God, saying, Then hath God also to the Gentiles
granted repentance unto life. Acts 11:18.
4. May we be reminded that
while often repentance is associated with unpleasantness and painful
recollection, to be incapable of true repentance portends a horrible
1) Repentance removes all hope of self-deliverance and prepares
our hearts for the gift of faith!
2) We are ever reminded of the
source of it: Or despisest thou the riches of his goodness and
forbearance and longsuffering; not knowing that the goodness of God
leadeth thee to repentance? Romans 2:4.